Problem-solving courts, also referred to as specialist courts, have been adopted around the world to better address the underlying causes of offending. While they vary in how they seek to achieve this, they share a guiding philosophy: by considering wider circumstances and targeting underlying factors that contribute to the offence, and by employing more therapeutic approaches to justice, the individual is less likely to reoffend, and justice is better served.
As a criminologist and penologist based in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice and the Griffith Criminology Institute at Griffith University, Dr Schaefer joined our webinar to talk about some of the prospects and pitfalls of problem-solving courts and provide suggestions for the future.
Problem-solving courts are said to promote participant satisfaction, collaboration, and effectiveness; however, Dr Schaefer highlighted the challenges they faced. These include difficulties defining the scope of the problems they aim to address, how they operate, and what interventions are effective. Dr Schaefer also outlined jurisdictional and geographic issues in the way that problem-solving courts operate, and how these challenges extend the difficulty of providing consistent and equal access to these courts throughout Australia.
During the webinar, Dr Schaefer also spoke about some of the evaluative and evidential challenges. This included reluctance to publish evaluations of problem-solving court programs, fear of criticism when they don’t go as well as hoped, creating publication bias and presenting an incomplete picture. To draw accurate conclusions and insights about what’s working and what’s not in problem-solving courts, we need an array of rigorous and robust evidence, including evidence of failure, which provides opportunities to learn.
Dr Schaefer concluded that problem-solving courts can’t be everything to everyone, at the risk of them becoming nothing to no one. She said these courts need to help build the evidence base, employ rigorous and robust evaluation methods, publish evaluation findings, take evidence-based action, and receive sufficient funding to facilitate all of the above.
After her presentation, VLF Research Director, Professor Nigel J. Balmer and Principal Researcher, Dr Hugh M. McDonald hosted a Q+A with Dr Schaefer and members of the audience on the problems of problem-solving courts, what’s needed, and what’s next.
It was a pleasure to have Dr Shaefer join our Research Network. If you missed the discussion on problem-solving courts or would like to revisit the content, a full recording of the webinar and Dr Shaefer’s references and recommended reading are available on our website.
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